Unlocking Growth: Types of Mutual Funds

mutual funds types

Explore the world of investments with our guide on Mutual Funds Types. Before diving into the specifics, let’s grasp the basics of mutual funds. Learn how your money can grow strategically across various types, optimizing your investment journey. Discover the key to financial diversity through Mutual Funds Types.

Mutual funds act as financial baskets, enabling individuals to pool their money and invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities. In essence, it’s like teaming up with fellow investors, collectively creating an investment. Through this collaboration, everyone benefits from shared resources and reduced risk.

When you buy shares of a mutual fund, you’re essentially buying a small piece of the entire portfolio. Professional fund managers actively manage this pool of investments, making decisions on buying and selling securities according to the fund’s objectives.

How mutual funds typically work

  1. Pooling of Funds: People put their money together in a mutual fund and, in return, get shares or units. The value of these shares is called Net Asset Value (NAV), calculated every day based on the total value of the fund’s assets.
  2. Diversification: The money collected is invested in different things, which is good because some investments may do well while others don’t. This mix helps reduce the impact if some investments don’t do so great.
  3. Professional Management: Professionals, known as fund managers, handle mutual funds, determining where to invest based on the fund’s goals. Consequently, investors trust these experts to make informed choices in the financial world. With their expertise, fund managers play a crucial role in the investment process.
  4. Easy In, Easy Out: You can usually buy or sell mutual fund shares any business day at the current value. This makes it easy for people to join or leave the investment without much hassle.
  5. Affordability: Even with a little bit of money, you can be part of a big investment plan. Mutual funds let lots of different people, not just the super-rich, get involved.
  6. Different Kinds of Mutual Funds: There are various types of mutual funds, like ones focused on stocks, bonds, safe short-term investments, or a mix of everything. Each type has its own level of risk and potential returns.

Remember, before jumping in, think about what you want, how much risk you’re comfortable with, and how long you plan to invest. Read the fund’s info booklet, called a prospectus, to understand its goals, fees, and risks. Mutual funds make it easier for regular folks to be part of the investing world with expert guidance.

Mutual funds types

  1. Equity Funds: Equity funds primarily invest in stocks, offering potential capital appreciation. These funds offer higher risk yet potential for greater returns, ideal for long-term investors seeking growth opportunities.
  2. Hybrid Funds: Hybrid funds blend stocks and bonds for a balanced portfolio. This diversification helps moderate risk, making them suitable for investors seeking a mix of capital growth and income.
  3. Income Funds: Income funds focus on generating a consistent income by investing in fixed-income securities like bonds and debentures. These funds are suitable for investors looking for regular income with lower risk.
  4. Liquid Funds: These invest in short-term assets for quick access to cash, great for temporary savings.
  5. Debt Funds: Debt funds predominantly invest in fixed-income securities, such as government and corporate bonds. These are suitable for conservative investors seeking stable returns and capital preservation.
  6. Balanced Funds: Balanced funds maintain a mix of stocks and bonds to balance risk and return. Investors with a moderate risk tolerance seeking a combination of capital appreciation and income find these funds suitable.
  7. Growth Funds: Growth funds focus on capital appreciation by investing in stocks with high growth potential. They are suitable for investors with a high-risk tolerance and a long-term investment horizon.
  8. Pension Funds: Pension funds are designed to provide a steady income stream during retirement, investing in a mix of asset classes to ensure long-term sustainability.
  9. International Funds: International funds invest in assets outside the investor’s home country, offering exposure to global markets. While providing diversification and potentially higher returns, they come with added currency and geopolitical risks.
  10. Close-ended Funds: Close-ended funds have a fixed maturity period and a limited number of units. Investors can buy into these funds during the initial offer period, and afterwards, they can only be traded on the stock exchange.
  11. DSP Tax Saver Fund: This specific fund is an Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) designed for tax-saving purposes, qualifying for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  12. Interval Funds: Interval funds offer a combination of open-ended and closed-ended structures. They allow investors to trade units at predefined intervals, offering some liquidity benefits.
  13. Fixed Maturity Funds: Fixed maturity funds have a predefined maturity date and primarily invest in debt instruments with matching maturities. These funds provide a defined investment horizon and may offer tax advantages.
  14. Mutual Fund Asset Class: Mutual funds categorize assets based on characteristics, such as equity, debt, or hybrid, enabling investors to choose funds aligned with their investment goals and risk tolerance.
  15. Overnight Funds: Overnight funds invest in very short-term instruments with a maturity of one day, providing high liquidity and minimal interest rate risk. These funds are suitable for investors looking for a safe and liquid option.
  16. Sector Funds: Sector funds concentrate on specific industries or sectors, allowing investors to target their investments in areas they believe will outperform the broader market.
  17. Capital Protection Funds: Capital protection funds aim to preserve the investor’s capital by investing in a mix of debt and money market instruments while providing a potential for modest returns.
  18. Multi Cap Fund: Multi Cap funds have the flexibility to invest across various market capitalizations, including large, mid, and small-cap stocks. This flexibility allows fund managers to adapt to changing market conditions.
  19. Bond Funds: Bond funds invest primarily in fixed-income securities like government and corporate bonds, providing investors with a steady stream of interest income and relatively lower risk.
  20. Duration Funds: Duration funds manage interest rate risk by adjusting the average maturity of their bond portfolios. Investors in these funds should be mindful of interest rate movements and their impact on bond prices.
  21. Funds Based on Company Size: These funds categorize stocks based on the size of the companies issuing them, including large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Each category has different risk and return characteristics.
  22. Gilt Fund: Gilt funds invest in government securities, providing investors with a low-risk option. Moreover, they are suitable for conservative investors seeking capital preservation and steady income. Additionally, they offer stability in returns, making them an attractive choice for risk-averse individuals.
  23. Based on Asset Class: Mutual funds can be classified into different asset classes, such as equities, fixed income, or a combination of both. This classification helps investors tailor their portfolios to specific financial goals and risk tolerance.
  24. Benefits of Gold ETFs: Gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) offer investors a convenient and cost-effective way to invest in gold. Additionally, they provide exposure to the price of gold without the need for physical possession. This allows for diversification and acts as a hedge against inflation.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Mutual Funds


  • Risk Reduction: Mutual funds pool money from multiple investors to create a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities. This diversification helps spread the risk across different assets and reduces the impact of poor performance in any single investment. This is particularly beneficial for investors who may not have the expertise or resources to build a diversified portfolio on their own.
  • Advanced Portfolio Administration: When investing in a mutual fund, a management fee is incurred within the expense ratio. This fee covers the cost of employing a skilled portfolio manager responsible for trading securities like stocks and bonds. It’s a modest cost for accessing professional expertise in effectively managing an investment portfolio.
  • Convenience and Reasonable Pricing: Buying mutual funds is simple—they have low minimum investments and trade just once a day at the closing net asset value (NAV), avoiding price changes and day-trading tactics. It’s an uncomplicated and accessible way to invest.
  • Affordability: Mutual funds allow investors to participate in a diversified portfolio with a relatively small amount of money. Investors can buy shares in a mutual fund with an initial investment that is often much lower than the cost of purchasing individual stocks or bonds. This makes mutual funds accessible to a wide range of investors, including those with limited capital.
  • Regulatory Oversight: Mutual funds have rules established by financial authorities to protect investors. Additionally, managers must follow these rules, ensuring they share accurate information with investors. Consequently, these regulations ensure clarity, hold managers accountable, and treat all investors fairly.


  • High Fees and Expenses: Watch out for mutual fund costs like expense ratios and sales charges—they can add up fast. If the expense ratio is over 1.50%, be extra careful, as that’s on the pricey side. Be mindful of 12b-1 fees and general sales charges—they can eat into your investment. Some good fund companies don’t charge sales commissions. Remember, fees reduce your overall investment earnings.
  • Lack of Control: Investing in a mutual fund involves combining your money with other investors, and professional fund managers handle decisions. Furthermore, you don’t directly decide which stocks or bonds the fund buys, leading to a lack of control. Consequently, poor choices by the fund manager can harm your returns.
  • Tax Inefficiency: Mutual funds can be tax-inefficient, particularly if they have high turnover rates. When the fund manager buys or sells securities within the fund, capital gains taxes may be triggered. Investors may face tax liabilities, even without selling shares, as they are accountable for their share of the fund’s capital gains.
  • Inadequate Trade Execution: If you place your mutual fund trade before the same-day NAV cut-off time, you will receive the same closing price NAV for your buy or sell on the mutual fund. Mutual funds are a poor execution method for investors seeking faster execution timeframes, whether due to short investment horizons, day trading, or market timing.

We hope you enjoyed our mutual funds types guide. For investment inquiries, visit our website Divine Loan Hub.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *